What Causes Oral (Mouth) Cancer and Its Preventive Measures

Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of cells that attack and cause damage to surrounding tissues. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat), can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.

Oral Cancer

Oral Cancer

Symptoms of Oral Cancer

The most common symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • Swellings/thickenings, lumps or bumps, rough spots/crusts/or eroded areas on the lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth
  • The development of velvety white, red, or speckled (white and red) patches in the mouth
  • Unexplained bleeding in the mouth
  • Unexplained numbness, loss of feeling, or pain/tenderness in any area of the face, mouth, or neck
  • Persistent sores on the face, neck, or mouth that bleed easily and do not heal within 2 weeks
  • A soreness or feeling that something is caught in the back of the throat
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking, or moving the jaw or tongue
  • Hoarseness, chronic sore throat, or change in voice
  • Ear pain
  • A change in the way your teeth or dentures fit together
  • Dramatic weight loss

Causes Of Oral Cancer / Preventive Measures

White layer forms below tongue

White layer forms below tongue

Though doctors cannot always explain why one person gets cancer and another does not. However, recent research have shown the general patterns of cancer in the population to learn what things around us and what things we do in our lives may increase our chance of developing cancer. Some of the risk factors for cancer can be avoided, but many cannot. For example, we may choose to quit smoking, but cannot choose which genes we have inherited from our parents.

Although, these are few of the tip through which chances of cancer formation can be lower down.

  • Cut down tobacco and alcohol usage

Cut down the harmful effects of tobacco and alcohol

Cut down the harmful effects of tobacco and alcohol

Tobacco use like cigarettes, pipes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco is largely responsible for most cases of oral cancer. Alcohol, particularly beer and hard liquor, are also linked-up with increased risk of developing oral cancer. Avoiding or stopping the use of tobacco decreases the risk of oral cancer.

  • Family History

A scientific family tree showing the genetic transfer of cancer cells

A scientific family tree showing the genetic transfer of cancer cells

You get more prone to acquire cancer formation cells if anybody from your family had been infected with these. Your body gets adaptive to live cancer cells and fails to combat with them.

  • Excessive Sun Exposure

Sun-causing-skin-cancer UV-Radiation-and-Skin

 

If you are working in sun-exposure for prolonged time period, make sure that you cover your body parts completely. It had been proven that those who stays in direct sun light for long hours are more prone to develop cancer cells.

  • Chewing of Betel Nuts

Chewing of betel nuts even damage your teeth

Chewing of betel nuts even damage your teeth

People who are habitual of chewing betel nuts are supposed to get cancer soon. Though it is not always suggestive, but if possible, avoid chewing and keeping betel nuts for long hours in your mouth.

I always suggest in my articles and blogs that only a healthy and fit lifestyle can prevent us from unwilling diseases. Thus, change your habit and increase your chances to live long, live better.

Reference Links:

http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/oral-cancer

http://www.medicinenet.com/oral_cancer/article.htm

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