Birth control pills are used since 1960 to stop the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Birth control pills or BCP’s comprises of estrogen and progesterone which prevents the process of ovulation.The pills does not allow the ovary to release the egg, and eliminates the possibility of fertilization. A woman does not get pregnant if she has no egg to ovulate.
The process of ovulation starts at the beginning of every menstrual cycle. The estrogen begins to increase in the body and thickens the blood lining of the uterus to prepare it for fertilization. After 14 days one of the ovaries releases one or more than one egg. Another hormone called progesterone is released in the body to prepare the uterus to receive the fertilized egg. The egg all the way from fallopian tubes attaches itself to the uterus lining and thus the pregnancy begins.
Birth control pills meddles the function of estrogen and prevents ovulation. The cervical mucus becomes thick, not allowing the sperm to reach the egg. The lining of the uterus also do not open up to implant the fertilized egg.
There are many benefits as well as adverse effects of birth control pills. The benefits are better menstrual cycle, less cramps,reduce risk of cancer and improved complexion.
Woman more than the age of 35 years using birth control pills have risk of developing blood clots,endometrial cancer or breast cancer. So, it is better to consult your doctor to know which method is right for you as
Birth control pills does not work the same for every woman.
Benefits of birth control pills:
- Reduced loss of menstrual blood and cramps
- Improves complexion and cure acne
- Improves menstrual cycle
- Decreases the risk of developing ovarian cancer and cysts
- Prevents endometriosis
Adverse effect of birth control pill:
- Headache and hypertension
- Blood clots, Nausea, and vomiting
- Weight gain
- Loss of sex drive
- Less ability to protect against sexual infections
- Risk of strokes and heart attack increases
- Increase risk of developing gallstones and liver tumors
“The information present here is for general purpose please consult your doctor before taking any medication/therapy”