Male Infertility, its causes and treatment
Male infertility is a disorder in which a male is unable to beget children.According to the survey in United States of America one in every five couples need infertility care.Various disorders leads to infertility in male, which ranges from hormonal imbalance to physical problems.
Treatments are available for some causes of male infertility while there are cases where no treatment is available.In certain cases male infertility is caused due to the testicular damage where the testicles looses their ability to produce sperms.
Causes of male infertility:
In males fertility depends on the normal functioning of pituitary gland, testes and hypothalamus.There are 30-40 percent chances that male infertility is due to testes, 10-20 percent chances that it is due to blockage in the pathway of sperms , 1-2 percent chances that it is due to improper functioning of pituitary gland and in 40-50 percent the real problem is still not identified.
Difficulty during the sexual intercourse with your partner,ejaculation or erection problems can be one of the reason for male infertility.
Problem in sperm production-
The major causes of male infertility is the inability to produce sperms.The sperm count decreases or the sperms produced do not function properly and normally.
Blockage in sperm pathway-
The tubes which leads to the origin of the sperm may be blocked due to male infertility arises.The tube which carries the sperm from the testes to penis may be not functioning properly.
Hormonal problem arises when the pituitary gland is not able to send the correct signal to the testes which results in low testosterone level and failure to produce sperms normally.
Varicocele affects 40 percent of the men which leads to male infertility. Varicocele can be treated and usually it is associated with decrease in the quality and number of the sperms.It is an enlargement of veins and develops slowly with time.
Hypogonadism is the condition in men which occurs as the age increases.As the age increases in men the testosterone level decreases considerably.It may due to diabetes or any other such disorder.
Treatment of male infertility:
The treatment totally depends upon the cause of male infertility.Variety of treatments is available such as:
Blockage in the sperm’s pathway-
Men who have blockage in the pathway that leads from testes to penis may undergo surgery to open up that blockage.Another way to treat it is to retrieve the sperms directly from the testes through various reproductive technologies.
Treatment of pituitary gland or hypothalamus-
Treatment is given to let pituitary gland and hypothalamus function normally.In this Gonadotropin treatment is suggested to normalize the sperms count.
- Gonadotropin treatment-
It is the treatment in which a certain amount of hCG is injected in to the patient’s body 3 times a week for a time period of six months.It is done to increase the sperm count so that a sufficient amount of sperms can be ejaculated.If the sperms count dose not improve in 6 months then recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone(rhFSH) is added to it.
This treatment normally takes 1-2 years to get back to normal fertility.
Men suffering from varicocele have low sperm count or abnormal shapes of the sperm which causes infertility problem.It can be treated through surgical techniques.Although the surgery thing dose not necessarily always works for some men and it is only recommended to men who have large varicocele.
There are cases of male infertility where no treatment exists.This happens when the sperm producing tetes are badly damaged or functions abnormally.This is due to abnormalities like Klinefelter syndrome or absence of Y chromosomes.
“The information present here is for general purpose please consult your doctor before taking any medication/therapy”